The jute plant grows 1.8 metres to 3 metres tall. It has no branches, just a stem that is covered in thick bark which contains the fibre underneath. In 2-3 months the plant grows tall and once tall enough it is cut ,tied up in bundles and kept under water to ferment for several days. This process is called retting, it makes the stems loosen the bark and reveal the fibres underneath. The cultivators strip the fibre from the bark very carefully , they then dry it in the sun and put them in bundles for sale. Jute grows well in moist and swampy lands. Bangladesh has plenty of low lying land areas that go under water in the rainy season. Eighty percent of the worlds high quality jute is grown in Bangladesh.
Jute is a very durable and natural fibre and is used to make cloth, ropes, baskets and bags, mats and toys. It is grown very naturally so has no need to use fertilizers or pest sprays on it ,so is safe for the environment . It just needs rain and water to help it grow.
Jute plants also reduce the greenhouse gas emission ,as it clears the air of carbon dioxide and releases oxygen during its growth period.